1. Or by place of birth (jus soli)
Jus sanguinis is a rule that a child's citizenship is determined by its parents' citizenship. While Jus soli is a rule that a child's citizenship is determined by the place of birth. Both applies in Canada.
In general, if you were born in Canada, you are a Canadian citizen. This may not apply if you were born in Canada and at the time of your birth, one of your parents was in Canada with diplomatic status and your other parent was neither a Canadian citizen nor a permanent resident.
You may also be a Canadian if you were born in another country after February 14, 1977, and one of your parents was a Canadian citizen at the time of your birth.
2. If both parents are Filipinos and their application for foreign (country) citizenship is pending, will that affect the citizenship of the child born in Canada during that period?
Canada follows jus soli principle.
a. Once the application has been approved, will the child acquire the same citizenship?
If the child is born outside Canada, but the immigration status of the parents of such child changes to permanent resident or when the parents acquire citizenship through naturalization, the child may be granted citizenship immediately.
3. If a child is born to a foreign father and therefore acquires the latter’s nationality, should s/he still be registered in the Philippines?
Under Canadian law, a Canadian is allowed to be a citizen of another country as well (Dual- citizenship).
4. Why is it important to register the birth of a Filipino child outside the Philippines?
When you register your newborn's birth, you can apply for Medical Services Plan and Canada Child Benefits. Also you can apply for your child’s Social Insurance Number (SIN). SIN is required to access various Canadian government benefits and programs such as the Registered Education Savings Plan, the Canada Learning Bond and the Canada Education Savings Grant.
5. Who can register the birth of a Filipino child born in British Columbia, Canada?
Either parent is responsible for registering the birth of the child. Another individual standing in place of the parents may register the birth, if the parents are incapable.
If only one parent is being named on the registration, different rules apply:
1. A mother applying on her own must complete the form and check the Declaration section indicating the father is not being registered.
a. If the father is incapable, the mother must provide proof of the father's incapacity in the form of a Statutory Declaration. Supporting documentation may be required.
b. In instances where the father does not sign the registration form, there will be no information about the father on the birth registration record or birth certificate.
2. Fathers or third parties applying to register a birth should contact a Vital Statistics service representative at 250 952-2681 for further information.
6. What are the requirements for registering the birth of a Filipino child born in British Columbia, Canada?
You have to complete and return the Registration of Live Birth Form. This form is contained in the birth package given to parents during their stay in the hospital. It is also available at any Vital Statistics and Service BC office or by contacting the Vital Statistics Enquiry Line at 250 952-2681.
7. What is the procedure for registering in British Columbia, Canada the birth of a Filipino child in that country?
In British Columbia, the birth of every newborn in the province must be registered with the Vital Statistics Agency. To register a child's birth, complete and return the Registration of Live Birth form to the Vital Statistics Agency.
8. When should I file the application for registration?
The Registration of Live Birth should be returned
9. Are there fees to be paid?
None but getting a Certificate of Birth cost $27.00.